Glossary - NewGipps Vegetable Flower Herb seeds and Bulbs


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Glossary

We are often asked to explain some of the terms we use throughout our catalogue. Here are some of them explained.

ACID
Soil having pH below 7.0
ALKALINE
Soil having pH above 7.0
ANNUAL
Plant completing its life cycle in 1 year.
BIENNIAL
Completes life cycle over 2 years.
BOLTING
Going to seed prematurely.
CULTIVAR
"Cultivated Variety" The correct term for distinct cultivated variations within a species.
DAMPING OFF
Fungal disease attacking just emerged seedlings. Use sterilised soil.
DARK (for germination)
Light must be excluded to enable these seed to germinate.
EMERGENCE
Appearance of germinated seed through the soil.
GERMINATION
The sprouting of the seed.
HERB
Plant grown for its savoury, medicinal or aromatic qualities.
HYBRID
Result of a cross between two dissimilar parents.
LIGHT (for germination)
These seeds require light to be able to germinate.
MULCH
A protective soil covering, usually of plant origin, to reduce weeds and evaporation.
OPEN POLLINATED
Seed will be true to parent, unless pollinated by another cultivator.
PERENNIAL
Plants living 3 or more years.
pH
Measure of soil acidity/alkalinity.
SCARIFY
Scratching of the seed coat to facilitate germination.
STRATIFY
Process to overcome dormancy, usually by cold treatment in refrigerator.
THINNING
Removal of excess seedlings to allow full development of the remainder.
VARIETY
Common garden term for variations of a cultivated species. Correctly should be Cultivator.